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«December 2018»

CAS International Workshop: Monastic Economy

09 November 2018

CAS will host the Second Workshop of the "Monastic Economy" project (9 - 11 November)  and a Public Lecture by Prof. Elias Kolovos


9 November, 2018 (Friday): "Boris Christoff" Museum (43, Tsar Samuil Str., Sofia)

18:00 - 19:30 Keynote Speech: Elias Kolovos on "Monasteries,Economy, and Politics from Medieval to Modern Times" (for more information, please go to bottom of page)

10 November, 2018 (Saturday): CAS Sofia (7, Stefan Karadzha Str., vh.3, fl.2)

09:00 - 09:10 Opening: Roumen Avramov (Centre for Advanced Study Sofia)

Panel I. Athos Outside Athos: the Economics of the Holy Mountain's Dependencies
Chair: Elias Kolovos

09:10 - 09:30 Dimitrios Kalpakis (Archaeologist at the Ephorate of Antiquities of Ioannina):
Towards a Classification of the Athonic Estates in the Byzantine Era

09:30 - 09:50 Evanghelos Chekimoglou (Jewish Museum of Thessaloniki):
Athonite Real Estate Property in Thessaloniki

09:50 - 10:10 Phokion Kotzageorgis (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki):
Managing Monastic Assets in a Time of Trouble. Lemnos Island in the Context of the Athonite Economic Policy during the Ottoman period.

10:10 - 10:30 Aleksandar Fotić (University of Belgrade):

Coping with Extortion on a Local Level: The Case of Hilandar's Metochion in Zdravikion (Draviskos, Strymon Region) in the 16th Century

10:30 - 10:50 Isabelle Depret (Marmara University, Istanbul and Université libre de Bruxelles, Faculté de Philosophie et Lettres Department):
The Monastery of Iviron's Dependencies-Properties (metochia) in Moldova-Vallachia during the Late Ottoman Period. Autarchy or Transterritorial Network-Based Economy?

10:50 - 11:10 Discussion

11:10 - 11:30 Coffee break

Panel II. The Holy Mountain: Images and Documents
Chair: Phokion Kotzageorgis

11:30 - 11:50 Christos Kakalis (School of Architecture, Planning and Landscape, Newcastle University):
Moving through Orders: Athonite Monastic Taksis and the Mappings of Vasilij Gregorovic Barskij

11:50 - 12:10 Ivan Biliarsky (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences); Petronel Zahariuc (Faculté d'Historie, Université "Al. I. Cuza" Iasi), George Lazar (Institut d'histoire "N. Iorga" de l'Académie Roumaine), Dimitar Peev (Sofia University):
Romanian Documents of the Archives of the Hagiorite Monastery of Zographou (A General Survey)

12:10 - 12:30 Discussion

12:30 - 14:00 Lunch

Panel III. The Monastic Economy in the Urban Environment
Chair: Aleksandar Fotić

14:00 - 14:20 Lidia Cotovanou (Institute of History "N. Iorga", Romanian Academy of Sciences):
Migrants, villes, monastères, commerce. La concentration urbaine des lieux de culte «roumains » dédiés aux Lieux Saints de l'Orthodoxie (XVIe - XVIIe siècles)

14:20 - 14:40 George Lazar (Institut d'histoire "N. Iorga" de l'Académie Roumaine):
Marchands grecs et leurs établissements religieux en Valachie. Le cas des frères marchands Pepano et leur fondation monastique de Codreni (XVIIe-XVIIIe siècles)

14:40 - 15:00 Preston Perluss (LARHRA Research Center, University of Grenoble):
Benedictine Urban Asset Management : A comparative study

15:00 - 15:20 Antoine Roullet (French National Centre for Scientific Research):
Economic Patronage and Conventual Freedom, Some Cases from post-Tridentine Catholicism

15:20 - 15:40 Discussion

15:40 - 16:00 Coffee break

Panel IV. Managing Monastic Wealth
Chair: Preston Perluss

16:00 - 16:20 Georgios Nikolaou (University of Ioannina):
Bien fonciers des monastères orthodoxes dans le Péloponnèse en 1700 (période de la deuxième domination vénitienne): observations comparatives

16:20 - 16:40 Kyrillos Nikolaou (European University of Cyprus):
Le rôle économique des metochia de trois grands monastères du monde orthodoxe (monastère de Kykkos, monastère de Saint-Jean le Théologien de Patmos et Néa Moni de Chios) au cours des XVII et XVIIIe siècles: observations comparatives.

16:40 - 17:00 Konstantinos Giakoumis (European University of Tirana):
Monastic Financial Management in the Provinces of the Patriarchate of Constantinople (1867-1873): The Case of the Metropolis of Dryinoupolis and Gjirokastra

17:00 - 17:20 Michalis Michael (Department of Turkish and Middle Eastern Studies, University of Cyprus):
Capital Accumulation and Wealth Management in an Orthodox Monastery of the Ottoman World

17:20 - 17:40 Despina Iosif (Hellenic Open University and Department of Religion, College Year in Athens/DIKEMES):
Healing Monks and the Economy of Curing

17:40 - 18:00 Discussion

11 November, 2018 (Sunday)
CAS Sofia (7, Stefan Karadja Str., vh. 3, fl. 2)

Panel V. The Monastic Economy in the Modern World
Chair: Isabelle Depret

09:00 - 09:20 Daniela Kalkandjieva (Sofia University):
Female Monasticism in Bulgaria between the Two World Wars

09:20 - 09:40 Darko Dimitrovski (University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Hotel Management and Tourism):
The Role of Tourism in a Monastic Economy: An Insight into Visitors' Consumer Behavior at Kykkos Monastery

09:40 - 10:00 Isabelle Jonveaux (CéSor EHESS Paris / University of Linz):
Monastic economic networks and its impact on the global economy

10:00 - 10:20 Discussion

10:20 - 11:00 Coffee break

Panel VI: On the Network's Activities
Chair: Roumen Avramov (Centre for Advanced Study Sofia)

11:00 - 12:00 General Discussion


Key-note Lecture by Prof. Elias Kolovos on "Monasteries, Economy, and Politics from Medieval to Modern Times"/ 9 November, 2018 (Friday), 18:00 – 19:30, “Boris Christoff” Museum (43, Tsar Samuil Str., Sofia; http://borischristoff.com/en/).



From Medieval to Modern Times, monastic institutions, especially in the Orthodox Christian world, have an impressive historical continuity. Some of the monasteries on Mount Athos, for example, have a continuous presence for over a millennium now. How can we explain this continuity? Is it only because of the religiousness of both the monks and the faithful, across ages? In my talk, I will argue that this continuity has to be also explained on the basis of continued – albeit different in character in different historical circumstances - relations of the monastic institutions with economic activity and political protection. I will focus especially on monastic landholding across the ages, as the basis of economic stability in both medieval and modern times, even today; secondly, I will focus on political protection in favor of the monasteries in various states and societies, even Islamic ones, a case in point being the Orthodox monasteries under Ottoman rule. Last, but not least, I will make an effort to include into the analysis and discussion the role of the monastic networks, religious, economic and political at the same time. In conclusion, after breaking down as modern historians the patterns of monastic activities in their cultural, economic, and political aspects, I will argue that we have to keep in mind that from the perspective of the medieval and modern monks, all these aspects were combined together and practiced as a whole. This unity of behavior might have also contributed and contribute even today, in our post-industrial age, to the survival, stability, and even success, of the monastic institutions. After all, in the midst of economic crises, the world is always in search for stable institutions.

Elias Kolovos is Professor in Ottoman History at the Department of History and Archaeology of the University of Crete, Greece. He studied history at the Department of History and Archaeology of the Aristotle University of Salonica and obtained a Ph.D. degree in Ottoman History with a dissertation on Peasants and Monks in Ottoman Halkidiki (15th-16th c.). He is an elected member of the Board of the International Association for Ottoman Economic and Social History. As a visiting scholar, he taught at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Paris, France, Boğaziçi University, Istanbul, Turkey, and at the Program of Hellenic Studies, Princeton University, U.S.A. He participates in research projects at the Institute for Mediterranean Studies, FO.R.T.H., Greece, at the Ecole Francaise d’ Athenes, and the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Germany. He has written, edited, and coedited ten books and over 40 papers in Greek and international publications and journals. His research interests include the Mediterranean economic history, the history of the insular worlds, the history of the monasteries, rural and environmental history, as well as the spatial history and legacies of the Ottoman Empire. His latest book is: Across the Aegean: Islands, Monasteries and Rural Societies in the Ottoman Greek Lands, The Isis Press, Istanbul 2018.

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