Ágoston Berecz earned his PhD in Comparative History from Central European University, Budapest in 2017 and holds a prior degree in Hungarian Philology from Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest (from 2000). He is Research Fellow and programme coordinator at Pasts, Inc, Budapest/Vienna. He has previously been a fellow at New Europe College, Bucharest and at the Max Weber Programme at EUI, Florence. He has also taught history of nationalism in both his alma maters. His first book, The Politics of Early Language Teaching (2013) deals with the teaching of Hungarian to ethnic Romanian and German children in Dualist Hungary, while Empty Signs, Historical Imaginaries (2020) is a socio-cultural history of late-nineteenth-century Transylvania via an inquiry into the ways proper names were imbued with nationalist meanings. His research interest encompasses the social and intellectual history of nationalism and nation-building policies, especially in the nineteenth century, and a range of topics at the crossroads of sociolinguistics and history (language policies, language standardization, language ideologies, patterns of multilingualism and monolingualism etc). He currently works on Hungarian language policies between 1867 and 1914.
Информация за стипендианта
Период на афилиация:
2020 - 2021
Централно-европейски университет, Будапеща
My research project investigates explicit and implicit state language policies in the eastern part of Dualist Hungary (1867–1918). By sampling the extant fonds in eight county branches of the National Archives of Romania and complementing them with the perusal of the local press and with evidence culled from ego-documents, I have pieced together a coherent picture about the patterns of the official use of Hungarian vs. the non-dominant languages, about the factors influencing these patterns and about the gradual expansion of Hungarian. I will present my results against the benchmark of the 1868 Law of Nationalities and the linguistic rights set forth in it. The fact that later legislation eschewed such questions perpetuated the use of this document as a central reference for the contemporaries, an importance also bequeathed on historiographical treatments of the era. The central part of my work will be divided according to the contemporary domains of the official realm, covered section by section in the law: central government agencies, counties, local governments, the jurisdiction, civil-society documents and notarial acts. Each chapter will be concluded with a comparison with international trends. In addition, an introductory chapter will summarize the expectations, beliefs and historical visions in the background of policy designs and implementations.