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Miglena Stamberova

Bulgaria

Miglena Stamberova obtained her PhD in Archaeology in 2012. In the period 2012-2015, she worked as an independent researcher. Currently, she is working for the Exhibitions Department in the National Archaeological Institute with Museum in Sofia. Miglena is interested in Thracian Archaeology, Ancient history, Cultural heritage and Тourism. She speaks English and Italian.

Different time – different fortune. The destiny of some Bulgarian emblematic archaeological sites during the Communist period

The present research proposes a new approach to the study of numerous Bulgarian archaeological sites during a specific timespan. It investigates the biography of several important sites and monuments including their discovery, excavation, preservation, restoration and public presentation in the period of the Communist regime (1944 – 1989). It explains why some important archaeological sites and buildings were destroyed and others were preserved and fully restored. These are the Neolitic dwellings at Stara Zagora, the Thracian city of Seuthopolis, the Eastern gate of the Roman city Serdica (present-day Sofia), the Roman villa Armira, the medieval fortress Tsarevets, etc. The study focuses not only on the archaeological sites but also on the political environment of the time of their discovery and preservation. Archaeology very often is used to reinforce the political regime, with emphasis on proper problematic and this trend is clearly discernible in the cultural heritage. The attitude of the Bulgarian communist party towards cultural heritage depends on its priorities drawn through the nationalism and propaganda, and on the international political situation as well. The collapse of the communist regime has changed the direction of the development of Bulgarian archaeology but the already preserved and promoted archaeological sites and reserves still present the rich cultural heritage of Bulgarian lands in front of the local and foreign public.